gray birch vs white birch

Another “white” birch is Young’s weeping birch (Betula pendula Youngii), a dwarf variety that reaches a height of 6 to 12 feet at maturity. This birch tree is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered to be resistant to bronze birch borer. Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. The paper birch has leaves that can grow to 4 inches in length, and the gray birch leaves average between 2 and 3 1/2 inches long, states the University of Connecticut Plant Database website. Bronzed Ivy. These white birches include the paper birch (Betula papyrifera), the gray birch (Betula populifolia) and the European white birch (Betula pendula), an ornamental species introduced from overseas. Featuring an elegant, pyramidal habit, it bears ovate, toothed, lime-green leaves, 3 in. Although birch wood was used quite a bit in the 1960s and 1970s for furniture and cabinetry, it isn’t used much today by craftsmen. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). The leaves are alternate, ovate, short-pointed,2 –4 inches long, thick-er than those of gray birch, doubly-toothed, with the upper surface dark green and dull. Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 0000006782 00000 n 0000002753 00000 n Resistant to bronze birch borer and air pollution. The red-brown or gray bark of young stems and branches whitens as the tree matures, becoming red orange on the inner surface. 0000001668 00000 n ����׾��l+{�'Ȁ+. It's important to split white birch into small sections and give the wood plenty of time to dry. Estimate the sizes of the white birch trees you discover. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. It seems to tolerate drier soils in its native range. Gray birch often is injured by ice and snow. Fiberon Gray Birch 1x12x12 Fascia $ 123.30 Fiberon Gray Birch 1x8x12 Riser $ 79.74 Fiberon Gray Birch 5/4x6x12 Grooved $ 55.08 Fiberon Gray Birch 5/4x6x16 Grooved $ 73.44 Fiberon Gray Birch … ... 60YY 44/110. Mature Height: commonly 20-30′ tall with fast growth rate. x�bbf`b``Ń3���0 IN� You may encounter three types of birch trees in the United States that feature white bark. 0000000016 00000 n 0000004344 00000 n Perform… 190 29 Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Weeping Birch Trees . Inspect the bark of all the white birches. It has a wonderful yellow fall color. Also, make sure not to stack the wood directly on the ground because white birch is known to quickly decay if left exposed to the elements.. 0000008637 00000 n The gray birch has a longer and narrower point on its tip, which makes it almost seem triangular. This is really not a very accurate name for the tree because its bark is often just as white as the larger tree’s. 190 0 obj <> endobj Paper birch has a leaf shaped like the point on a spear, with a more rounded base. Full sun. long (7 cm), with some golden-yellow fall color before they shed for the winter. 0000001827 00000 n Gray birch and yellow birch are occasionally confused by people inexperienced with birch identification, but are quite easy to tell apart by leaves, bark, and growth habit. 98YY 82/022. 0000003882 00000 n The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. Camel Tan. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Paper birch trees have branches just a few feet above the ground, when you find one growing in the wild, and normally just a single main trunk. It is a good hardwood species for use in the revegetation of mine spoils and other disturbed areas. They open in early spring before the leaves. Selected over twenty years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum. Paper birch trees have branches just a few feet above the ground, when you find one growing in the wild, and normally just a single main trunk. 0000011636 00000 n 0000003094 00000 n Light Autumn Brown. <]>> Grey birch can often be found with white birch and its associated species, again on dry sites, while bog birch lives up to its name, being found in acidic, boggy areas. Native to the northeastern US and eastern Canada. Farmer'S Almanac Cream. platyphylla – Asian white birch P: Species Betula populifolia Marshall – gray birch P: Species Betula pubescens Ehrh. 20YY 41/165. Betula alba Linnaeus subsp. Three varieties of birch are commonly used as lumber -- white, yellow and sweet. Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years. Gray Birch vs Yellow Birch. �w�F�e��yY&@B����p��d-Ha�FՀ�qf��'".Cȶ�p���2c�7�?&��-!#���y���x�ܱ��;�W�0|s��{���HyӒ���B�y1�eO��Z��>&BI��db%?�]��KW��()ʈtF��1�}���!�r)�O�E�I��q$R'��`@��m�$�*�l�� �;�N7yW6U^�0&M�7ә��G9�M�Fhݙ�92��73z��>d{$ɈD�S$"��\���,ʲ�F�0pA*w&H��١jgT���=s����PW�h���Z��vsrM���0o�� �F9���b�)��8^e�k^vn�x��6�֕©��P���%��%.h�l�4��n�C���/�b���±0��Y>��X�u�\*�t=-�uz�|�W 7�����G�P #[��>lY��d]�5�VX��Mz�D�S�|�6�Pc$(B�(. 0 20-40' x 10-20'. Examine the leaves of these birches closely. Observe the trunks and the branches of the white birches and try to detect differences in them. The European variety can grow to 50 feet tall, according to the Floridata website, while the shortest is the gray birch, a tree typically between 20 and 40 feet high. white birch, wire birch. Measure them for length and you will find that European birch leaves are a bit shorter than the other two at a maximum length of 2 1/2 inches. Identifying these white birch trees depends on your capability to recognize differences in their features. Swan White. However, try not to peel the bark off living white birches; this could ultimately harm the health of the tree. The bases of European white birch leaves are blunt and the tips long … Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. Bark color and texture Young trees have a reddish-brown color, older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. A Whitespire birch "standard" is where there is only one trunk on the tree. For an elegant kitchen space, this khaki is perfect for all walls. The outer bark resembles that of paper birch but is not so white, peels less, and has rough, triangular, black patches below the junctions of branches and trunk. Adult Recognition. Gray Birch is an attractive tree that resembles the commonly cultivated Betula pendula (European White Birch). populifolia (Marshall) Regel; B. alba var. The bases of European white birch leaves are blunt and the tips long and pointed. 90YR 31/227. In St. Louis, gray birch is best grown in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loams in full sun to part shade. Paper birch has a leaf shaped like the point on a spear, with a more rounded base. Noteworthy Characteristics. 0000004872 00000 n Paper birch bark peels off the tree in long, narrow strips and exposes an inner bark that is orange in color. endstream endobj 217 0 obj<>/Size 190/Type/XRef>>stream 1995. Soil/Climate: Gray birch is native to eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York. Some lumber dealers differentiate between the three, with white birch considered more exclusive. Trees , broadly pyramidal, to 10 m; trunks usually several. 0000004623 00000 n trailer 0000003520 00000 n It needs full sun to thrive and is usually surrounded by plants with similar tolerances – willow, rose, Labrador tea, larch and black spruce. Native to RI. endstream endobj 191 0 obj<>/Metadata 24 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 23 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 26 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060808104215)/PageLabels 21 0 R>> endobj 192 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 193 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 194 0 obj<> endobj 195 0 obj<> endobj 196 0 obj<> endobj 197 0 obj<> endobj 198 0 obj<> endobj 199 0 obj[/ICCBased 212 0 R] endobj 200 0 obj<> endobj 201 0 obj<> endobj 202 0 obj<> endobj 203 0 obj<> endobj 204 0 obj<>stream Gray birch trees often have a bushy appearance, with multiple stems emanating from one trunk, branching off quickly above the ground into various sections. All Rights Reserved. Buds, catkins and leaves along with twigs and bark are a source of food for birds and other wildlife. Originally thought to be Betula platyphylla japonica, Whitespire has recently been identified as Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, a species known to be bronze birch borer resistant. In addition to its white bark and yellow fall foliage, the form of this tree provides landscaping interest. White birch definition is - paper birch; also : gray birch. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. It also tolerates poor soils. '�yt*_;�'5���E,�!���T\h��tLA��.>���.���6��8��8Դ���O8±�IJ$W>��⾅�(�C��~�?��㮮��?-�h(9?��ӡ6 |VX�;S�n�9��): Close grey bark, slender branches, multi-stemmed. Sun, will grow on poor soil, both wet and dry. ssp. startxref 0000001379 00000 n It can be grown in planting zones 3 to 9. Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates. 0000002212 00000 n Gray birch looks very similar to paper birch (Betula papyrifera) with its chalky, white bark, but is much more tolerant of heat and dry soils, making it more suitable than paper birch for the warmer zones of eastern American landscapes. 0000010599 00000 n Birch trees are scattered throughout the United States. 0000015170 00000 n Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Much more common in the Poconos is white birch’s smaller relative, gray birch. A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. Complementary. Variety Betula platyphylla Sukaczev var. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. In the St. Louis area, it is best sited in a northern or eastern exposure that receives some afternoon shade. Tall and stately, Whitespire's showy bark does not exfoliate or pee l. It will create a magnificent focal point in both daytime and at night. The tallest of these three types in the wild is the paper birch, a tree that can exceed 70 feet in some instances. Frosted Almond. x�b```f``�c`e`�Qb�g@ ~���? 0000009642 00000 n 0000025815 00000 n The bases of European white birch leaves are blunt and the tips long and pointed. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Shows some resistant to bronze birch borer. Whitespire Birch is very adaptable preferring moist, well drained, slightly acidic soils. 0000005205 00000 n The bark on the tree tends to hold in the moisture making white birch difficult to season. 0000012500 00000 n The European variety can grow to 50 feet tall, according to the Floridata website, while the shortest is the gray birch, a tree typically between 20 and 40 feet high. 0000007752 00000 n Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry.There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance. About Grey Birch. Betula Populifolia Gray Birch. Betula Uber Virginia Round-Leaf Birch) Native to Virginia. ssp. Grey Birch 60YY 51/101. 0000036791 00000 n Gray birch never attains the girth or stature of yellow or paper birch, but its easy-to-work wood is still prized for small projects, such as turning bowls. Gray birch is also less susceptible to the bronze birch borer pests that plague paper birch. This is the classic birch tree use by Native Americans to make many useful products from footware to their famous birch-bark canoes. Study the disparity between the shapes of the leaves of the white birch species in America. Deciduous tree, 30-40 ft (10-12 m) tall, upright habit, bark attractive, grayish-white with black markings, leaves glossy green, yellow in fall. – downy birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh. Native geographic location and habitat. ?_,S`��� John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. 20YY 63/258. 0000036569 00000 n Garden designers across the country love this improved selection of Gray Birch with its good pest resistance and enormously ornamental features. 60YY 58/091. 218 0 obj<>stream Gray birch, white birch, fire birch, bouleau à feuilles de peuplier, bouleau gris . 0000004380 00000 n "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees;" Elbert Little; 2008. Gray birch bark does not come off the tree without much difficulty. %%EOF It needs little pruning, but if necessary, prune during the dormant season. 0000006153 00000 n You may encounter three types of birch trees in the United States that feature white bark. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! %PDF-1.4 %���� populifolia (Marshall) Spach. Mature size is around 30-40' tall x … :��V���\���Hb�H�ҳ����"���"��L���FGGD;�30l��%�X,�����F�B��!��HBV� o�9�&������@~� ��m4��K�7�bna7`l�a����á��S��C>��Q��/��bk f`ؽ���\l}2�;��9@�pG H3� �-R

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