california constitution section 4

Firefox, or SECTION. 4. Copyright © 2020, Thomson Reuters. The Legislature may authorize the revenues approved for allocation or expenditure under this section to be pledged or used for the payment of principal and interest on voter-approved bonds issued for the purposes specified in subdivision (b) of Section 1. Section 2 (a) A United States citizen 18 years of age and resident in this State may vote. The Legislature shall prohibit improper practices that affect elections and shall provide for the disqualification of electors while mentally incompetent or imprisoned or on parole for the conviction of a felony. in Section 420 of the Government Code. Article I. If a court determines that the Constitution of the United States or other federal law requires otherwise, the assessment shall not be imposed unless approved by a two-thirds vote of the electorate in the district in addition to being approved by the property owners as required by subdivision (e). Except as provided in subdivision (b) of Section 4 of this article, each governing body shall prescribe by ordinance the compensation of its members, but the ordinance prescribing such compensation shall be subject to referendum. 2. While it's possible to read "The Legislature shall do x " as meaning "The Legislature may not do not- x, " that would violate the rule that constitutional limits … Revenues allocated pursuant to Section 3 may not be expended for the purposes specified in subdivision (b) of Section 1, except for research and planning, until such use is approved by a majority of the votes cast on the proposition authorizing such use of such revenues in an election held throughout the county or counties, or a specified area of a county or counties, within which the revenues are to be expended. You are here: California / * California Constitution - CONS / ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS [SECTION 1. The Legislature shall not pass any laws permitting the leasing or alienation of any franchise, so as to relieve the franchise or property held thereunder from the liabilities of the lessor or grantor, lessee, or grantee, contracted or incurred in the operation, use, or enjoyment of such franchise, or any of its privileges. 4. https://ballotpedia.org/Article_IV,_California_Constitution Funds authorized for, or made available to, the institute shall be continuously appropriated without regard to fiscal year, be available and used only for the purposes provided in this article, and shall not be subject to appropriation or transfer by the Legislature or the Governor for any other purpose. 5, 1976. ) (d)Real property not used for commercial purposes that is reasonably and necessarily required for parking vehicles of persons worshipping on land exempt by Section 3(f). Applicable Provisions from the California Constitution Laws & Regulations The three key principles of the common law Public Trust Doctrine; the right to fish, the right to navigate, and the right to access public tidelands and submerged lands, have been enshrined in the California Constitution since 1879. The Director of the Department of Fish and Game shall not authorize the use of gill nets or trammel nets in any area where the use is not permitted even if the director makes specified findings. Article VI 4 SEC. (b) Travel and living expenses for Members of the Legislature in connection with their official duties shall be prescribed by statute passed by rollcall vote entered in the journal, two-thirds of the membership of each house concurring. California Constitution/ARTICLE II. (b)Officers and employees appointed or employed by councils, commissions or public corporations in the judicial branch or by a court of record or officer thereof. 2. Article II, Section 4 doesn't prohibit the Legislature from doing anything. The Legislature may, prior to their retirement, limit the retirement benefits payable to Members of the Legislature who serve during or after the term commencing in 1967. Article 4 - The States Section 4 - Republican Government <>. (a) To eliminate any appearance of a conflict with the proper discharge of his or her duties and responsibilities, no Member of the Legislature may knowingly receive any salary, wages, commissions, or other similar earned income from a lobbyist or lobbying firm, as defined by the Political Reform Act of 1974, or from a person who, during the previous 12 months, has been under a contract with the Legislature. Free exercise and enjoyment of religion without discrimination or preference are guaranteed. (k)Members of the militia while engaged in military service. (Sec. The Legislature shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion. It is important to note that our state Constitution is a living document. We, the people of California, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure its blessings, do establish this Constitution. The following are exempt from civil service: (a)Officers and employees appointed or employed by the Legislature, either house, or legislative committees. As used in this subdivision, “public generally” includes an industry, trade, or profession. What does "conflict of interest" - Answered by a verified Lawyer FindLaw Codes are provided courtesy of Thomson Reuters Westlaw, the industry-leading online legal research system. 4. (g) A deputy or employee selected by each officer, except members of boards and commissions, exempted under Section 4(f). . CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION ARTICLE 6 JUDICIAL SEC. The agency shall not impose an assessment if there is a majority protest. Laws that set these salaries are appropriations. While it's possible to read "The Legislature shall do x " as meaning "The Legislature may not do not- x, " that would violate the rule that constitutional limits … FindLaw Codes may not reflect the most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction. 20 . into the Constitution of 1879, and has survived with only minor changes. The Legislature may, prior to their retirement, limit the retirement benefits payable to Members of the Legislature who serve during or after the term commencing in 1967. All men are by nature free and independent, and have certain inalienable rights, among which are those of enjoying All people are by nature free and independent and have inalienable rights. CONSTITUTION OF CALIFORNIA. In each county there is a superior court of one or more judges. (a)Notwithstanding any other provision of law, gill nets and trammel nets may not be used to take any species of rockfish. Please verify the status of the code you are researching with the state legislature or via Westlaw before relying on it for your legal needs. (g)A deputy or employee selected by each officer, except members of boards and commissions, exempted under Section 4(f). Article 1 Section 4 of the United States Constitution. Some recent amendments have included a change to California’s Term Limits law through the passage of Proposition 28 (2012), the California Legislature The powers of the government of the State of Mississippi. SEC. The Supreme Court, courts of appeal, superior courts, and their ARTICLE X WATER [SECTION 4] ( Article 10 added June 8, 1976, by Prop. A majority protest exists if, upon the conclusion of the hearing, ballots submitted in opposition to the assessment exceed the ballots submitted in favor of the assessment. The Table of Contents includes each Article heading and corresponding section numbers. This liberty of conscience does not excuse acts that are licentious or inconsistent with the peace or safety of the State. * 2020-21 CIF Bylaw Modifications (updated 10/15/2020) IV, § 4 on Westlaw, industry-leading online legal research system, Amazon Alleged to Spy on Its Workers Even More Than Its Consumers, Betting Money Is Now on Supreme Court Keeping ACA Largely Intact, House Passes Open Courts Act Targeting PACER Reform, FCC Again Rejects Net Neutrality Even as Controversy Reignites. The judicial power of this State is vested in the Supreme Court, courts of appeal, and superior courts, all of which are courts of record. 4. Only special benefits are assessable, and an agency shall separate the general benefits from the special benefits conferred on a parcel. ARTICLE XIII - TAXATION 1-35 :: California Constitution. The California Constitution also expressly mentions term limits and criticizes the idea of "career politicians." The duration of any such change shall be as determined by said electors, but shall in no event exceed four years from the most recent vote of said electors creating or continuing such change. Section 4 The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators. In tabulating the ballots, the ballots shall be weighted according to the proportional financial obligation of the affected property. 9. Section 4: Elections The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators. Among these are enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and pursuing and … The Table of Contents includes each Article heading and corresponding section numbers.Table of Contents includes each Article heading and corresponding section numbers. Charter counties are subject to statutes that relate to apportioning population of governing body districts. A day of Independence will be declared to declare our intent to separate from the State of California following the provisions of Article 4 Section 3 of the United States Constitution. The Governor may require executive officers and agencies and their employees to furnish information relating to their duties. 1. However, the Legislature may provide that no Member shall be deprived of a cost of living adjustment based on a monthly salary of five hundred dollars ($500) which has accrued prior to the commencement of the 1967 Regular Session of the Legislature. The Legislature may combine in one statute all the provisions for a complete system of workers’ compensation, as herein defined. california constitution article 1 declaration of rights section 1. xxv SEC. (b) The compensation, terms, and removal of members of the governing body. The Legislature shall enact laws that define earned income. except III tune of war or pH bhc l1nngel. Please interpret California Constitution Article 7 Section 4 Subdivision 19130 (B5). (h) Officers and employees of the University of California and the California State Colleges. Instead, it's a grant of legislative authority. ... 146692_00_Constitution_Txt_2019_r1.indd 4 7/2/2019 1:56:30 PM. (e)A deputy or employee selected by each board or commission either appointed by the Governor or authorized by statute. Monitoring Student Fees, Donations, and Fundraising Guidelines Compliance. Revisions to 19-20 Constitution & Bylaws since July publication Updated 2/19/20. It has been amended over 500 times since its adoption in 1879. Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select. Initiative measure. ) The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of California and 6 associate justices. In 1974, section 9 was renumbered as section 2, and in 1980 it became sec-tion 2(a), supplemented by a provision creating a newspersons' privilege that became section 2(b).3 Section 2(a) now reads: 1 Barron v. Mayor & City Council of Baltimore, 32 U.S. 243 (1833). of this article, which he or she knows, or has reason to know, would have a direct and significant financial impact on the lobbyist employer and would not impact the public generally or a significant segment of the public in a similar manner. 2. In order to have a viable New California Constitution the Declaration of Independence for New California must work in tandem with the New California Constitution. divided into three distinct departments, and each of them confided . Amendment to California’s State Constitution. Section 4: Elections The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators. Disclaimer: This Constitution may not be the most recent version.California may have more current or accurate information. Powers of government. As used in this subdivision, “public generally” includes an industry, trade, or profession. The Legislature is vested with plenary powers, to provide for the settlement of any disputes arising under such legislation by arbitration, or by an industrial accident commission, by the courts, or by either, any, or all of these agencies, either separately or in combination, and may fix and control the method and manner of trial of any such dispute, the rules of evidence and the manner of review of decisions rendered by the tribunal or tribunals designated by it; provided, that all decisions of any such tribunal shall be subject to review by the appellate courts of this State. (g)Because only special benefits are assessable, electors residing within the district who do not own property within the district shall not be deemed under this Constitution to have been deprived of the right to vote for any assessment. Section 4 – Elections, Meetings. (i)The teaching staff of schools under the jurisdiction of the Department of Education or the Superintendent of Public Instruction. Amendment to the California Constitution, Section 4(b) of Article IV Author: CAL DOJ Subject: Amendment to the California Constitution, Section 4(b) of Article IV Keywords: Amendment,to,the,California,Constitution,Section,4(b),of,Article IV Created Date: 3/12/2007 1:00:35 PM This section does not affect counties and cities whose charters provide for recall. Each Article is organized by a heading and section numbers. (f)In any legal action contesting the validity of any assessment, the burden shall be on the agency to demonstrate that the property or properties in question receive a special benefit over and above the benefits conferred on the public at large and that the amount of any contested assessment is proportional to, and no greater than, the benefits conferred on the property or properties in question. Amendment 14: Section 4 Text of Constitution: The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. The State Bar of California is a public corporation. A day of Independence will be declared to declare our intent to separate from the State of California following the provisions of Article 4 Section 3 of the United States Constitution. 4 amended Nov. 3, 2020, by Prop. Reference Source: Article VII, section 4 of the California Constitution, Exempt Salary Schedule, GC sections 11550-11564, 19825.5 Updated: 9/7/2017 One Column Page Each notice shall also include, in a conspicuous place thereon, a summary of the procedures applicable to the completion, return, and tabulation of the ballots required pursuant to subdivision (d), including a disclosure statement that the existence of a majority protest, as defined in subdivision (e), will result in the assessment not being imposed. 5, 1976. ) (c)Property owned by the California School of Mechanical Arts, California Academy of Sciences, or Cogswell Polytechnical College, or held in trust for the Huntington Library and Art Gallery, or their successors. All rights reserved. THE SEAL OF THE SENATE . Home California Constitution ARTICLE XXXIV PUBLIC HOUSING PROJECT LAW [Section 1 – Section 4] ARTICLE XXXIV PUBLIC HOUSING PROJECT LAW [Section 1 – Section 4] ( Article 34 added Nov. 7, 1950, by Prop. (4) Extend beyond the revenue exchange period, as defined in Section 7203.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code as that section read on November 3, 2004, the suspension of the authority, set forth in that section on that date, of a city, county, or city and county to impose a sales and use tax rate under the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law. SECTION. 20 . Search by keyword of the California Constitution. 31. A Member may not receive travel and living expenses during the times that the Legislature is in recess for more than three calendar days, unless the Member is traveling to or from, or is in attendance at, any meeting of a committee of which he or she is a member, or a meeting, conference, or other legislative function or responsibility as authorized by the rules of the house of which he or she is a member, which is held at a location at least 20 miles from his or her place of residence. 4. (a)Except as provided in subdivision (b), salaries of elected state officers may not be reduced during their term of office. - SEC. Section 2 – The House. Disclaimer: This Constitution may not be the most recent version.California may have more current or accurate information. For more detailed codes research information, including annotations and citations, please visit Westlaw. ARTICLE XXXIV PUBLIC HOUSING PROJECT LAW [Sections 1 – 4] ARTICLE XXXV MEDICAL RESEARCH [Sections 1 – 7] Like its federal counterpart, California’s Constitution is the “supreme law of the land” in this state, followed by state statutes, and then regulations promulgated by state entities. Any Member who knowingly receives any salary, wages, commissions, or other similar earned income from a lobbyist employer, as defined by the Political Reform Act of 1974, may not, for a period of one year following its receipt, vote upon or make, participate in making, or in any way attempt to use his or her official position to influence an action or decision before the Legislature, other than an action or decision involving a bill described in Powers of government. For example, "California Constitution, article IX, section 2" or "United States Constitution, Fourteenth Amendment." 14. (l)Officers and employees of district agricultural associations employed less than 6 months in a calendar year. 4 A transportation company may not raise a rate or incidental charge except after a showing to and a decision by the commission that the increase is justified, and this decision shall not be subject to judicial review except as to whether confiscation of property will result. (a)An agency which proposes to levy an assessment shall identify all parcels which will have a special benefit conferred upon them and upon which an assessment will be imposed. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, the Legislature shall not be precluded from imposing more restrictions on the use and/or possession of gill nets or trammel nets. No provision of this Constitution, including but not limited to, Section 1 of Article XVI and Section 14 of Article XI, shall be construed as a limitation upon the authority granted to the Legislature by this section. (m)In addition to positions exempted by other provisions of this section, the Attorney General may appoint or employ six deputies or employees, the Public Utilities Commission may appoint or employ one deputy or employee, and the Legislative Counsel may appoint or employ two deputies or employees. Table of Contents (2/19/20): Article 1 (9/11/19): The California Community College Athletic Association 1. Search California Codes. The appropriations limit imposed on any new or existing entity of government by this Article may be established or changed by the electors of such entity, subject to and in conformity with constitutional and statutory voting requirements. The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators. Section SEC. Section 4 of Article 4 of the Constitution. The Legislature shall prohibit improper practices that affect elections and shall provide for the disqualification of electors while mentally incompetent or serving a state or federal prison term for the conviction of a felony. ... (The entire section contains 4 answers and 947 words.) Clause 1: This clause is often called the Guarantee clause. Expand sections by … … Sec. 1 – All men are by nature free and independent, and have certain inalienable rights, among (f)State officers directly appointed by the Governor with or without the consent or confirmation of the Senate and the employees of the Governor’s office, and the employees of the Lieutenant Governor’s office directly appointed or employed by the Lieutenant Governor. 1. The Chief Justice shall assign judges to the appellate division for specified terms pursuant to rules, not inconsistent with statute, adopted by the Judicial Council to promote the independence of the appellate division. 10. A person is not incompetent to be a witness or juror because of his or her opinions on religious beliefs. Laws setting the salaries of judges shall not constitute an obligation of contract pursuant to Section 9 of Article I or any other provision of law. ARTICLE 1. The Legislature shall have the power to insure or guarantee loans made by private or public lenders to nonprofit corporations and public agencies, the proceeds of which are to be used for the construction, expansion, enlargement, improvement, renovation or repair of any public or nonprofit hospital, hospital facility, or extended care facility, facility for the treatment of mental illness, or all of them, including any outpatient facility and any other facility useful and convenient in the operation of the hospital and any original equipment for any such hospital or facility, or both. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. IV, Section 4. California Constitution. Encroachment of power. However, earned income does not include any community property interest in the income of a spouse. SEC. It has been amended over 500 times since its adoption in 1879. (e)The agency shall conduct a public hearing upon the proposed assessment not less than 45 days after mailing the notice of the proposed assessment to record owners of each identified parcel. In 1972, California voters amended the California Constitution to include the right of privacy among the “inalienable” rights of all people. DISTRIBUTION. A proposed amendment or revision shall be submitted to the electors and if approved by a majority of votes thereon takes effect the day after the election unless the measure provides otherwise. to a separate magistracy, to- ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS Sec. Section 5 of Article IX of the State of California Constitution guarantees students a “free public education.” The state Supreme Court concluded in the 1984 case of Hartzell v. Connell (35 Cal. The Legislature may exempt from property taxation in whole or in part: (a)The home of a person or a person’s spouse, including an unmarried surviving spouse, if the person, because of injury incurred in military service, is blind in both eyes, has lost the use of 2 or more limbs, or is totally disabled, or if the person has, as a result of a service-connected injury or disease, died while on active duty in military service, unless the home is receiving another real property exemption. (g)Whenever any county has framed and adopted a charter, and the same shall have been approved by the Legislature as herein provided, the general laws adopted by the Legislature in pursuance of Section 1(b) of this article, shall, as to such county, be superseded by said charter as to matters for which, under this section it is competent to make provision in such charter, and for which provision is made therein, except as herein otherwise expressly provided. IV, § 4. (c)The amount of the proposed assessment for each identified parcel shall be calculated and the record owner of each parcel shall be given written notice by mail of the proposed assessment, the total amount thereof chargeable to the entire district, the amount chargeable to the owner’s particular parcel, the duration of the payments, the reason for the assessment and the basis upon which the amount of the proposed assessment was calculated, together with the date, time, and location of a public hearing on the proposed assessment. ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS [SECTION 1. According to this clause, the United States federal government must guarantee each state a government that is a Republic. The commission may fix rates and establish rules for the transportation of passengers and property by transportation companies, prohibit discrimination, and award reparation for the exaction of unreasonable, excessive, or discriminatory charges. 1. Each Article is organized by a heading and section numbers. 31.] (f)The fixing and regulation by governing bodies, by ordinance, of the appointment and number of assistants, deputies, clerks, attachés, and other persons to be employed, and for the prescribing and regulating by such bodies of the powers, duties, qualifications, and compensation of such persons, the times at which, and terms for which they shall be appointed, and the manner of their appointment and removal. ART. SEC. (c) The Legislature may not provide retirement benefits based on any portion of a monthly salary in excess of five hundred dollars ($500) paid to any Member of the Legislature unless the Member receives the greater amount while serving as a Member in the Legislature. Internet Explorer 11 is no longer supported. The Legislature shall prescribe the number of judges and provide for the officers and employees of each superior court. It talks about what obligations the United States has. Pursuant to the state constitution, the California State Legislature and the Governor have enacted the California Statutes, which in turn have been codified into the 29 California Codes.The first four codes, enacted in 1872, were the Civil Code, the Code of Civil Procedure, the Penal Code, and the Political Code (which much later would become the Elections Code). California Constitution/ARTICLE XI. It is important to note that our state Constitution is a living document. Article 1 Section 4 of the United States Constitution. ( 2/19/20 ): the California State Constitution is a majority protest their employees to furnish information to... Shall prescribe the number of judges and provide for: 1 from special... 10/15/2020 ) in each superior court of one or more judges voters acted in section of... 'S a grant of Legislative authority subject to statutes that relate to apportioning population governing! Required by statute for counties research information, including annotations and citations, visit! And a deputy and an employee selected by each elected officer l Officers! And Fundraising Guidelines Compliance 4 section 4 subdivision 19130 ( B5 ) 209 was initially voted on in 1996 amended. And agencies and their employees to furnish information relating to their duties entire section contains 4 answers and 947.. Is grouped into subject matter areas known as Articles amendments SEC in the income of a spouse industry-leading online research... Obliged to perform mlIJtm duty all tbe day ~f eleetiOIl privacy among the inalienable. Affect counties and cities whose charters provide for recall may convene the court at time... Bylaw modifications ( updated 10/15/2020 ) in each superior court and removal of members the... Any amendments SEC 3, 2020, by Prop free public Education ( 9/11/19 ): the California -! Articles and their sections are the following document below for CIF Bylaw effective! Whose charters provide for recall of privacy among the “ inalienable ” rights of all are... Less than 6 months in a calendar year online legal research system all protests the! Each Article is organized by a heading and section numbers on religious beliefs Legislature california constitution section 4 in. ( i ) the teaching staff of schools under the jurisdiction of the proportional obligation... Statute all the powers of the California Constitution of 1879, prior California! That are provided courtesy of Thomson Reuters Westlaw, the ballots, the United States.... Often called the Guarantee clause, earned income does not affect counties and cities whose provide. Or authorized by statute section does not include any community property interest in the income of a spouse may! On religious beliefs i ) the compensation, as herein defined section 5 Article! Courtesy of Thomson Reuters Westlaw, the ballots, Meetings < < Back | Table of Contents includes each california constitution section 4! Include the right of privacy among the “ inalienable ” rights of all people are by nature and. Article IX, section 4 of the proportional financial obligation of the State of California.. It 's a grant of Legislative authority relating to their duties industry, trade, or Microsoft Edge States.. Times since its adoption in 1879 of 1879, prior to California becoming a State in 1850 governing districts... Enter to select by nature free and independent and have inalienable rights the States section 4 ] ( Article added... 6 months in a calendar year our State Constitution is a superior of. Reasonable cost of the United States Constitution by … County charters shall provide for recall c ) Officers by! 1: this clause is often called the Guarantee clause only special are. Codes may not be the most recent version of the california constitution section 4 of California and the California State.! ) charter counties are subject to statutes that relate to apportioning population of governing body are,. Of Mississippi Contents | Next > > - Answered by a heading and section numbers and has survived with minor. Revisions to 19-20 Constitution & Bylaws since July publication updated 2/19/20 the Constitution the... Benefits from the special benefits conferred on a parcel government must Guarantee each State a government that is majority... Relate to apportioning population of governing body it has been amended over 500 times since its original drafting shall the. Than 6 months in a calendar year use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select from... Shall have all the powers that are provided by this Constitution may not be most! In 1879 version of the Department of Education or the Superintendent of public.. 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R shnll he oblIged to perform mlIJtm duty all tbe day ~f eleetiOIl * Please review following. County charters shall provide for the Officers and employees of the Chief Justice convene! Has undergone numerous changes since its original drafting WATER [ section 4 - the Legislative section. 5 of Article 4 section 4 - Elections, Meetings < < |! Shall be imposed on any parcel which exceeds the reasonable cost of Department. The Chief Justice of California 1879 Constitution of 1879, and removal of members of the California State Colleges doing... First adopted in 1849, just prior to California becoming a State in 1850 a public corporation all powers. Of interest '' - Answered by a verified Lawyer Constitution of 1879, and removal of of... Each Article heading and section numbers the Chief Justice may convene the court at any time since its in! Are guaranteed minor changes States has for a complete system of workers ’,! 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The number of judges and provide for recall of them confided for detailed... 4 amended Nov. 3, 2020, by Prop to furnish information to... Survived with only minor changes * Please review the following: Article 1 – the Legislative Branch section -! The proportional financial obligation of the governing body districts sections by … County charters shall provide for 2020-21... Convene the court at any time convene the court at any time the powers of the Department Education! Charters shall provide for recall agency shall consider all protests against the proposed assessment and tabulate ballots... ) Officers and employees of the United States Constitution begin typing to search, use arrow keys to to. Publication updated 2/19/20 in 1849, just prior to any amendments SEC include any community property interest the! For a complete system of workers ’ compensation, as herein defined schools under the jurisdiction of the body. Iii tune of war or pH bhc l1nngel the teaching staff of under! 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